One or more tooth loss negatively affects oral health, aesthetic appearance, and functions of speech. Prosthesis, which replaces chewing functions, contributions to speech and aesthetic appearance of the lost teeth and tissues also helps existing tissues with protecting their health. The prosthesis can be evaluated in two different sections as fixed and mobile prosthesis.
It is the process of replacing the missing or excessively impaired teeth by using substances that are similar to the colour and texture of original teeth. The final result of fixed prosthesis can be seen after at least 4 sessions of treatment. At first, the tooth or teeth to be restored is reduced as much as the restoration amount to be applied and the whole mouth is precisely measured for laboratory model and procedures. Colour is determined by the common decision of the patient and physician. Afterwards, the zirconium or metal infrastructure prepared on the model is rehearsed in the mouth. Then, the relation of the porcelain prepared in the laboratory with the neighbouring, opposite teeth and surrounding tissues is controlled. Aesthetic and colour compliance is checked. Finally, the restoration which is polished with the patient’s approval is tried in the mouth for the last time and fixed on the tooth.
Mobile prosthesis can be fixed and removed by the patient and replace the missing teeth. It has different types such as total prosthesis, partial prosthesis, immediate prosthesis and overdentures.
Total Prosthesis: They are prosthesis, which are supported by the residue bone tissue on the upper and lower jaw and made of acrylic and applied in cases where there are no natural teeth in your mouth. It is used in special cases where implants cannot be done.
Partial Prosthesis: Removable prosthesis, which is used in cases where some of the natural teeth exist but some of them are extracted, is called ‘partial prosthesis’. Partial prosthesis is made of either acrylic or single piece casting. These types of prosthesis provide adherence with crochet wires attached to the main teeth.
Immediate Prosthesis: These are Prosthesis that are placed immediately after natural teeth called “immediate prosthesis” are extracted in cases where all the main teeth need to be removed and the patient does not want to be toothless. When the complete recovery is provided and tissues become incompatible with this prosthesis, permanent prosthesis is started to be applied.
Overdentures: The prosthesis that is applied by dentists after some special preparations on a few natural teeth or roots in the mouth is called ‘overdentures.’ The natural teeth or roots where the prosthesis is placed provide retention and stability to the prosthesis
Implant-supported prostheses are, of course, renewable. During the renewal period, previously made implants (screw section) remain in the mouth, only the prostheses made on the implant are renewed. Implant supported prostheses have a lifetime like other prostheses. You can prolong the life of your dentures by taking care of your denture care and oral hygiene.
After the implant operation, it is necessary to wait 3-6 months for the implant to integrate with the jawbone.